The Can’t-Do Nation

Recently I’ve seen a lot of essays and comments on the glories of pragmatic, incremental change. I’ve even seen social media commenters saying that the U.S. has always been a nation of slow, incremental change.

Which, of course, is bullshit. If anything we are a nation that does things in fits and starts. We will sometimes ride the status quo for awhile, but then when we take a notion to change, we can create big change pretty durn fast.

Or, at least, we used to.  We’ve been in something of a long rut of can’t-do, I admit. But it’s nonsense to say that’s always the way things have been in the U.S.

Let’s just look, for example, at the Progressive Era, which began in 1890 with the passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act. Along with massive amounts of business reform that accelerated when Teddy Roosevelt had anything to say about it, this era also saw the rise of labor unions. Congress passed the first Food and Drug Act in 1906, created the Department of Labor in 1911, and ratified the Sixteenth (income taxes) AND Seventeenth (direct election of Senators) Amendments in 1913. The Eighteenth (prohibition) and Nineteenth (women’s suffrage) Amendments were both ratified in 1919. And those were just the high points. There were countless other laws and regulations passed on both state and national levels that impacted just about everyone in fundamental ways. And while this was going on people were switching over from horses to automobiles and acquiring electricity and telephones.

The Prohibition thing didn’t work out so well, but it was a lot of change — in government, in culture, in technology. Of course many of the laws, such as the antitrust laws, were revised over time, but the initial laws were not exactly tweaks. Many of these changes were transformative, not incremental, change. I talk about the difference below.

Do we need to review the stuff that happened during the New Deal? Do we?  And then think about the 1950s and 1960s. We went to the freaking moon, people. The Civil Rights movement brought about massive changes in our culture pretty quickly because people stood up and said, we gotta change. Not, we gotta change some day.

It seems to me that from the mid-1970s on, we shut down and decided we couldn’t do big change any more. The single Big Thing that has happened is computers and the technology that flowed from that. The Cold War ended, for which some of us took credit, but it really wasn’t our doing, exactly.

In the 1930s we built the Hoover Dam. Now we can’t even fix potholes. Atrios wrote last week,

Infrastructure price tags always sound like huge unthinkable numbers. ONE HUNDRED BILLION DOLLARS. And it is true that it is hard for state and local governments to come up with that kind of money. For the federal government it is chump change, even leaving aside some more creative ways of paying for it.

Once upon a time the US really was ahead of basically every other country in the world. It was shiny and new. We had shiny new highways, our cities weren’t bombed out by wars (though we did a pretty good job subsequently at destroying them ourselves), lower middle class people had things like refrigerator/freezers and cars, and potable water coming out of the tap was the norm. Things were clean. We had nice affordable hospitals. It was an understandable symbol of progress, of modernity.

Now much of the world has those things, along with in some cases some things are more humane and appealing. I don’t think Trump is really talking about BUILD MORE SUPERTRAIN TUNNELS when he says “make America great again,” but it is the case that the country isn’t shiny and new like it was. The Reagan era made nice things, even fixing nice things, unpossible for going on 40 years now. Something has to change.

 Lots of stuff has to change. Oh, but we’re not supposed to do BIG all-at-once change. We have to pragmatic little baby-step change. And while baby steps are better than nothing, there’s nothing inherently virtuous about baby steps. Baby steps are what you do from a position of weakness. Baby steps are what you do when there’s resistance and you lack the means to do big steps.

But we actually have the means to do big steps. We just don’t have the will.

What’s the difference between transformative and incremental change? A definition of transformative change is change that takes us in a new direction, and isn’t just a new variation of what was already happening. One article I found  used music as an example — the invention of musical recording was a transformative change that impacted behaviors like concert attendance and the piano and sheet music industries. However, the invention of cassette tapes over vinyl was an incremental change.

Another article defined incrementalism as a kind of resilience. These are changes that allow us to adapt to conditions as they are. Transformative change, of course changes the conditions.  I think that’s important. It’s not just about whether the change is fast or slow, or whether it’s done in stages or all at once. Is it adapting to prevailing conditions, or is it changing prevailing conditions?

For example, since the 2008 crash nothing transformative has happened to the financial sector. All that was done was just to allow us to survive and adapt to the  monstrosity the financial sector has become. Global climate change calls out for transformative instead of incremental, but so far we’re barely managing incremental. The ACA works, yes, but it’s another example of a mostly incremental change rather than a transformative one. We can say it’s a BIG incremental change, but it’s mostly an adaptation that allows more people to get insurance rather than a real transformation of our health care delivery system.

Incremental change is sometimes just foot dragging. It’s making things work just a little longer, until it can’t be made to work any more. It’s used to keep us placated so the transformative change we really want can be postponed.

Sometimes adaptations to conditions are fine; if conditions are not that bad, or are probably temporary, maybe a few tweaks are all we need. But we’ve gotten into a rut in which we’re told all we will ever get are tweaks.  That’s been doing on way too long.

18 thoughts on “The Can’t-Do Nation

  1. China’s passed us GDP. EU and probably India eventually. But I look at the bright side. I’ll be able to cut the thumb off my oversized foam hand and shout out: “We’re number four!”

  2. “We’re number four!”

    But, by golly, it’s easier to get a gun than a job. FREE-Dumb!

  3. If a Democratic President suggested we go the the Moon again, here’s what will happen:
    1/3 of conservatives will tell us we can’t afford it;
    a 1/3 will say, “What, fake ANOTHER” Moon landing?;
    and 1/3 – riffing off the the 2nd 1/3 – will say we still can’t land even if God allows us to get there, because the Moon is made of cheese, and it’ll melt all over us on Earth!

    “Idiocrary,” we be here!

  4. Ahem… Back in MY DAY blah blah blah. What I really want to know is how this is HRC’s fault I’m sure the TRUE Progressives here can elaborate.

    • Grung_e_Gene — Respond to what I write, please, not to whatever crap is knocking around in your own head. I’ll give you one more chance before I block you, but please don’t comment here until you’ve taken some time to reflect on the deeper meaning of “projection.”

  5. Wow… somebody’s been in a coma since 1992! And woke up crabby.

    Or maybe was just born yesterday?

  6. The ACA works, yes, but it’s another example of a mostly incremental change rather than a transformative one.

    Anyone older than seven years would understand the ACA was an Obama “increment,” anyway.

  7. Somebody (a cynical centrist) volunteered this to me and it makes reasonable horse sense. Trickle down poor leadership has led to a culture of ‘it’s all who you know’. Average people watching years of incompetency by those at the top who still, manage to retain even grow their power positions, eventually come to believe that ‘playing the game well’ is all that really matters.

    When PCRoberts says whoops/sorry about the economy and some multi-billion dollar Iraqi freedom operation goes 20-70+ times over budget and Dems don’t seem to fight for what they’re claiming to believe in, people become afraid of transformative. Incremental seems safer.

  8. @Bill I refer to that as the inverted meritocracy. Those who are good at ass kissing are rarely good at anything else. Let it spread for a few decades and you’ve got what we have now.

    Funny you mention the Apollo program, which was arguably the greatest public private partnership in history. Today we have the F-35, which is mostly built by the same contractors. In the last 46 years they traded their engineering expertise for lobbying. And the whole baby steps thing is the ghost of Thatcher. There Is No Alternative. Oh but there is. It’s just that people stopped believing it.

  9. Baby steps for baby boomers just don’t cut it. Now, if I was in a financial situation were I could drop say $ 800.00 dollars on a bottle of wine while hobnobbing with my Congressional buddies or pulling down $225,000. dollars for dispensing an hours worth of hot air then I might be inclined to favor baby steps. But as things steps avail me nothing.
    It’s like..If the system is working in your financial favor then why rock the boat with anything that even approaches transformative.

  10. You’re kind of looking in the wrong place for change. Change coming from a large group, a nation-state, mostly pulling in the same direction, has been stymied by the money power that has grown more and more entrenched.

    Change from powerful individuals however has been like nothing I’ve ever seen in my life. You can argue whether it’s just an egotistical flash in the pan, but individuals like Elon Musk revolutionizing the automotive industry, or taking over where NASA left off. Or the individual who created email. Or Napster and file sharing, Facebook – created in a dorm room – and on and on. The nature of technology today can bring you millions of customers in an instant, and hundreds of millions of dollars very quickly.

    Power has shifted from large groups of people – think of armies of factory workers in the 1950s – to bright individuals with an idea. It’s shifted from armies of soldiers to a rag tag band of radicals that can bring a country to its knees.

    The 1950s with everyone marching in lockstep, for better or worse are over.

  11. This post really resonates with me. We’re in Paris right now, where they do have nice things. Historically, they haven’t been famous for incremental change, although the alternatives were not always attractive. Louis XIV, the revolution, Napoleon all shaped the nation purposively. They have invested in education and culture as part of “the commons.” We’ve lost that concept.

    Certainly, they have their problems, and I see a growing tendency to “Reaganise.” That makes me heave a sigh. Like the old song goes, “you don’t know what you’ve got ’til it’s gone.”

    When the Trumpsters talk about making the country “great” again, they really have only the trappings and privileges of power in mind, and those are incidental and external to greatness. Being a great nation requires a lot of work, investment and a functioning political process. Those things seem in short supply these days. We want to be regarded as great, but, we don’t want to put forth the effort. To some, dropping a lot of bombs and inspiring fear is enough.

    I hope that made sense. Despite being in the city of light, we are in quite a fix. We were worried about the fuel refinery strike and a possible railway strike. We were scheduled to leave for Orleans tomorrow. The Loiret received a deluge and there is severe flooding. So basically, we have nowhere to go. Things could get very interesting. My apologies for so much personal information, somehow it feels good to write about it.

  12. On top of everything else, there are astounding developments in robotics, 3-D printing, etc, that promise to transform production and our economy with it. The technological singularity has probably already begun, and on the downside, global warming is already disrupting our old ways. Shortly, we may have no choice but radical transformation. Maggie the Hen’s “There is no alternative,” may have legs after all.

    Ergo: Happy Star Trek/unhappy Star Trek

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